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Seals

Seals and Sculptures of the Indus Cities

An exhibition being held in New York and Madison, Wisconsin, in 1998 on the representational art of the Indus Valley reveals a highly developed artistic tradition with many styles and techniques of production.

Shu-ilishu's Cylinder Seal

A Mesopotamian cylinder seal referring to the personal translator of the ancient Indus or Meluhan language, Shu-ilishu, who lived around 2020 BCE during the late Akkadian period.

Beginnings of Indian Astronomy with Reference to a Parallel Development in China

An impressive paper in the new journal History of Science in South Asia (1, 2013) by one of the Indus script's most important interpreters and theorists looks at the origins of astronomy in the subcontinent.

Harappan Chimaeras as ‘Symbolic Hypertexts’. Some Thoughts on Plato, Chimaera and the Indus Civilization

An analysis and interpretation of the so-called Harappan chimaera, one of the most peculiar and elaborate iconographies of Indus Civilization.

The Indus Seals: An Overview of Iconography and Style

This paper will examine the nature of Indus seals and examine the different aspects of seal iconography and style in order to better understand their overall role in the Indus civilization.

The Tiny Steatite Seals of Harappa

A closer look at the tablets discovered at Harappa during HARPS excavations and the locations where they were discovered at the site.

Master of Animals and Animal Masters in the Iconography of the Indus Tradition

This paper presents a brief introduction to the Indus Tradition and then focuses on the range of images relating to human and animal interactions that were used in the greater Indus region.

Inscribed Objects from Harappa Excavations 1986-2007

The assemblage of inscribed and incised objects discovered at the site of Harappa during excavations conducted between 1986–2007 by the Harappa Archaeological Research Project (HARP).

Early Developments of Art, Symbol and Technology in the Indus Valley Tradition

Archaeologists studying the emergence of early civilizations often focus on finely crafted art objects in order to understand the aspects of economic, socio-political and religious organization. The importance of such objects is increased when studying early societies for which there are no written records, such as the indus valley civilization.

Steatite and Faience Manufacturing at Harappa: New Evidence from Mound E Excavations 2000-2001

The various types of materials present at this site reveal a complex network of trade and exchange that spread throughout the Indus Valley.

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