Skip directly to content


Skeletal Paleopathology of Human Remains From Cemetery R37 at Harappa, excavated in 1987 and 1988

Excavations at the archaeological site of Harappa, Pakistan in 1987 and 1988 uncovered the remains of at least 92 individuals (84 adults and 8 juveniles), although only 19 were complete skeletons in primary contexts.

New evidence for jute (Corchorus capsularis L) in the Indus civilization

A report on the results of an analysis of a preserved structure of jute on a ceramic artifact from the site of Harappa that is dated to 2200–1900 BCE.

Seals and Sculptures of the Indus Cities

An exhibition being held in New York and Madison, Wisconsin, in 1998 on the representational art of the Indus Valley reveals a highly developed artistic tradition with many styles and techniques of production.

Bead Replicas: An Alternative to Antique Bead Collecting

Passed from generation to generation as heirloorns, many beads link the past to the present, and over time, such antique beads gain incredible value because of their historical significance and in some cases, spiritual powers.

Beginnings of Indian Astronomy with Reference to a Parallel Development in China

An impressive paper in the new journal History of Science in South Asia (1, 2013) by one of the Indus script's most important interpreters and theorists looks at the origins of astronomy in the subcontinent.

Infection, Disease, and Biosocial Processes at the End of the Indus Civilization

A paper assessing evidence for paleopathology to infer the biological consequences of climate change and socio-economic disruption in the post-urban period at Harappa, one of the largest urban centers in the Indus Civilization.

Beads, Faience, Bangles, Glass, Jewelry and Ornaments

Beads and pendants are important forms of ornament that have a very long history in the subcontinent.

Fifty-Five Years of Archaeological Research in Pakistan: the Prehistoric Periods

The purpose of this article is not to present a summary of all of the major discoveries made in the last 55 years, but rather to highlight those that
have resulted in major shifts in research paradigms and interpretive frameworks.

The Origin, Context and Function of the Indus Script: Recent Insights from Harappa

Based on recent excavations at Harappa, it is possible to determine that square seals with animal motifs (such as the elephant) and possibly the short horned bull are among the earliest form of seal with writing.